Tracheal collapse is a chronic, progressive, irreversible disease of the trachea, or windpipe, and lower airways. The trachea is a flexible tube and similar to a vacuum cleaner hose. It has small rings of cartilage that help keep the airway open when the dog is breathing, moving or coughing. The collapse can extend all the way into the bronchi resulting in severe airway compromise in the affected pet.
Small breed dogs are most commonly affected with the disease particularly Yorkshire Terriers, Pomeranians, Poodles, Pugs and Chihuahuas. Affected dogs are often middle aged or older, though it can be seen in some young dogs as well. Dogs that are overweight or that live in a household with smokers may be more at risk.
The cause of tracheal collapse is unknown but is thought to be a combination of environmental and genetic factors.
Signs of tracheal collapse include coughing (eg, a goose honk); noisy breathing and in severe cases, dyspnea, cyanosis, and hyperthermia. Coughing episodes may increase with excitement, tracheal pressure (eg, from a leash or collar), exercise, eating, or drinking.
Medical management for tracheal collapse may work for up to 70% of dogs, particularly those that have mild collapse. As the disease progresses some pets do not respond to medical management and require surgical or interventional treatment.
One of our doctor’s has two Yorkshire Terriers that have tracheal collapse and both pets are doing well with medical management.
Doctors and Staff at Summit Boulevard Animal Hospital
Advanced Pet Dental, Oral and Laser Surgery Center
Florida Animal Reproductive Center & Frozen Semen Bank
West Palm Beach, FLORIDA 33406
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#Pomeranians #Poodles #pugs #Chihuahuas